Case Study Overview – Congestive Heart Failure (With Medical Definitions)

Case Study Overview – Congestive Heart Failure (With Medical Definitions) – Brandon Skenandore

  1. substernal (sub/stern/al): [sub—under, below] [stern/o—sternum] [-al—pertaining to] pertaining to the area beneath the sternum
  2. noncardiac (non/cardi/ac): [cardi/o—heart] [-ac—pertaining to] not relating to the heart or heart disease
  3. hemorrhoidectomy (hemo/rrhoid/ectomy): [hem/o—blood] [-rrhage—bursting forth of blood] [-ectomy—removal, excision, resection] surgical procedure for tying hemorrhoids and excising them
  4. colonoscopy (colono/scopy): [colon/o—colon] [-scopy—visual examination] visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum
  5. polypectomy (polyp/ectomy): [polyp/o—polyp, small growth] [-ectomy—removal, excision, resection] surgical removal of a polyp.
  6. adenoma,(aden/oma): [aden/o—gland] [-oma—tumor, mass, fluid collection]  benign tumor that develops from epithelial tissue
  7. inguinal (inguin/al): [inguin/o—groin] [-al—pertaining to] pertaining to the groin.
  8. herniorrhaphy (hernio/rrhaphy): [herni/o—hernia] [rrhaphy—suture] a surgical procedure for correcting hernia
  9. hypertrophy (hyper/trophy): [hyper—above, excessive] [-trophy—nourishment, development (condition of)] Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to the increased size of the constituent cells
  10. glaucoma (glauc/oma): [glauc/o—gray] [oma—tumor, mass, fluid collection] A condition of increased pressure within the eyeball, causing gradual loss of sight.



An 78 year-old man was residing in Podunk Center. He had a long standing history of diabetes and heart-related problems. Over the las several months, he has been severely short of breath. This increased over the past two days and yesterday he was having difficulty breathing enough to get up and walk around. At 5:00am last night, he had severely shortened breath. He received treatments from his wife who also heightened his oxygen supply, but he still remained short of breath. She then promptly called 911 and he was brought to the ER. He does not have any chest pain, and has gained about five pounds over the past couple weeks. It was ultimately decided that he not only had congestive heart failure, he also had severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a common disease that makes it difficult to breathe, and coronary artery disease, which narrows the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. He will be admitted to the CCU and will be monitored to make sure that he gets enough oxygen supply.