Case Study Overview – Chest Pain (With Medical Definitions)

Case Study Overview – Chest Pain (With Medical Definitions) – Brandon Skenandore

Medical Terms:

  1. cyanotic (cyan/otic): [cyan/o—blue] [-otic—state or condition of] marked by bluish discoloration of the skin due to a lack of oxygen in the blood.
  2. oximetry (oxy/metry): [oxy—swift, sharp, acid] [-metry—art, process, or science of measuring] determination of the oxygen saturation of arterial blood using an oximeter.
  3. dysuria (dys/uria): [dys—bad, painful, difficult, abnormal] [-uria—urination, condition of urine] painful urination.
  4. pyuria (py/uria): [py/o—pus] [-uria—urination, condition of urine] urine which contains pus.
  5. hematuria (hemat/uria): [hemat/o—blood] [-uria—urination, condition of urine] the presence of erythrocytes in the urine.
  6. dementia (dement/ia): [dement—insanity, madness] [-ia—condition] loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior.
  7. cardiovascular (cardio/vascul/ar): [cardi/o—heart] [vascul/o—blood vessel] [-ar—pertaining to] of or relating to the heart and blood vessels.
  8. pulmonary (pulmon/ary): [pulmon/o—lung] [-ary—pertaining to] of or relating to the lungs.
  9. radiology (radio/logy): [radi/o—x-rays] [-logy—process of study] The science of X-rays and other high-energy radiation for the use of such radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
  10. neuromuscular:(neuro/muscul/ar): [neur/o—nerve] [muscul—muscle] [-ar—pertaining to] of or relating to nerves and muscles.


An 80 year-old man was residing at St. Ann’s Care Center when at 6:00am, he was coding and short of breath. He described that he had chest pain on his left side and was turning blue. The nurse could not get a reading of the oxygen in his blood, and was promptly transported to an emergency department. At 6:55am, the man was breathing normal and was of normal coloration. However, he still had some abdominal and chest pain. He did not have any radiation, sweating, or breathing problems. He also said that his urination was not painful, pus-infected, or bloody. His diagnosis is either loss of cognitive function from Alzheimer’s, or Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a lung disease that causes difficult breathing.